This chart serves as a reference for which states have authorized medical aid in dying, how the law was achieved and effective date for each law.

 

 

State Name of Act Authorization Date Method Effective Date
Oregon Oregon Death with Dignity Act 11/8/1994 Ballot 10/27/1997
Washington Washington Death with Dignity Act 11/4/2008 Ballot 3/5/2009
Montana Baxter V. Montana 12/31/2009 Courts 12/31/2009
Vermont Vermont Patient Choice and Control at the End of Life Act 5/20/2013 Legislature 5/20/2013
California California End of Life Option Act 10/5/2015 Legislature 6/9/2016
Colorado Colorado End of Life Options Act 11/8/2016 Legislature 12/16/2016
Washington, D.C. D.C. Death With Dignity Act 12/20/2016 Legislature 2/18/2017
Hawai‘i Hawai‘i Our Care, Our Choice Act 4/15/2018 Legislature 1/1/2019
New Jersey New Jersey Medical Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act 4/12/2019 Legislature 8/1/2019
New Jersey New Jersey Medical Aid in Dying for the Terminally Ill Act 4/12/2019 Legislature 8/1/2019
Maine Maine Death With Dignity Act 6/12/2019 Legislature 9/19/2019
New Mexico New Mexico Elizabeth Whitefield End-of-Life Options Act 4/8/2021 Legislature 6/20/2021